What is an architect? More than just someone with a degree in building design, what makes an architect truly special is their expertise in how things work. An architect isn’t someone who designs buildings, they are people architects. People architects understand how systems function and use that knowledge to create efficient functioning systems.
There are many types of people architects out there, but none more prevalent or influential than the mechanical engineer. A lot of people don’t know that an architect actually comes from the word “architectus” which means ruler or leader. Before the industrial era, most people didn’t need organized leadership structures so the concept lost its popularity.
With the advent of technology and engineering industries, engineers became leaders and rule over other professionals. Some examples of this include medical doctors underqualified and inexperienced doctor groups, lawyers taking control of cases for money, and professors assuming teaching roles when teachers were unavailable. All three of these professions still have some power, it’s just not as strong as having no one to lead them.
That same mentality applies to architecture. Architects aren’t the ones telling builders where to put walls and roofs, they get paid to make sure everything goes according to plan so everyone can go home.
The answer to that question depends on what definition you use for “skyscraper”. If you define a skyscraper as any structure with a roof, then the correct answer is the Burj Khalifa-the current record holder at just under 2 km (1.2 miles) tall. It was first completed in 2008.
If however you only include buildings with more than 7 floors, then the next highest contender are the Shanghai World Financial Center Towers which reach 856 feet or 265 meters! They were both finished in 2010.
Either way, these structures aren't very big relative to some other famous skyscrapers. For example, the Chrysler Corporate Headquarters in New York City sits at 220 feet tall, 52 feet shorter than the Chrysler Building. That's not too bad! In fact, it's quite the feat to be this short of the top.
And while the Burj and the Shangs dont really fit our definition of a 'true' skyscraper, they're still pretty impressive. Both take up an incredible amount of real estate, making them very special.
The architect of the Louvre is often credited with creating what we now know as the classic French neoclassical style. His work was so influential that it has been referred to as the “French imitation” or even the “American version” of his design. This artist gave us beautiful, well-designed buildings that stick to strict rules and patterns but still have some unique touches here and there.
The main characteristic of this style is its use of large columns made up of several vertical lines coming together at one point. These columns are very structurally strong and powerful looking. They also emphasize unity by having similar colors and materials across different columns.
This architect loved geometry and proportion. So everything he built looks like something from a mathematical equation. He was really into using straight lines and squares which makes sense since he worked for the royal court!
His famous works include the Chateau de Fontainebleau and the Palais Royal in Paris. Many people consider these two buildings to be among his best works because they both look extremely elegant and majestic. He also designed many churches and monuments throughout France and Europe which show off his skill in decorations and patterned designs.
The United Nations was not always located in New York City, nor is it the only organization that uses this design style. This quasi-modern look can be seen in many famous buildings across the world, including the headquarters of some large corporations.
The most well known architect of this style is Pietro Belluschi, who worked for both private individuals and governments. He designed several buildings for IBM, including their main office in Geneva, Switzerland and their headquarter in Armonk, NY.
He also designed the UN’s General Assembly Office which opened in 2001. Many people may recognize his work due to its striking resemblance to the World Trade Center towers.
That makes sense since he took inspiration from them while designing the UN’s GA Office.
The Golden Gate Bridge was completed in 1937, so it is considered to be an Art Deco style bridge. This means that it looks very sleek and curvy with lots of elegant shapes and decorative features. Some of these include curves, lines, and bold colors. People have speculated who designed this beauty! Many think Pablo Picasso or Alexander Calder made the golden shape in the center archway as well as some of the other designs.
However, there is no proof that they created this masterpiece. It is said that Joseph Strauss designed most of the parts of the bridge, but he never took credit for his own work. He did hire both Picassos and Calder as artists to create decorations and sculptures for the bridge, but none are known to exist today.
Since there is not enough evidence to prove either artist’s design, many people assume that the two collaborated on creating this beautiful structure.
The Empire State Building was completed in 1930 by Joseph Urban, an Austrian-born architect. He worked for several large architectural firms before establishing his own office in New York City.
Urban’s most well known works include the Chrysler or “Empire” tower and the AT&T Tower, both of which are located in Manhattan.
He also designed many buildings in Israel including the Wexner Center at the University of Cincinnati and the Crown Heights Jewish Community Center in Brooklyn, NY. These three buildings were all constructed within the past decade.
His design philosophy focused heavily on using nature as a source of inspiration and incorporating this natural beauty into his work. Many of his designs look similar to each other due to this influence.
The reason why people recognize the Empire State building is because it was featured prominently in numerous movies and television shows. It has been used for everything from filming romantic scenes to portraying futuristic cities.
The interior of the Al-Taj is mostly glass, with some walls made up of white or cream marble and ceilings done in Italian gold leafed copper.
The overall look was inspired by Florence’s famous Ufizzi Palazzo and Istanbul’s Süleymaniye Mosque. Both of those buildings feature elaborate use of light to create an elegant atmosphere.
Since this isn’t possible in the desert, their influence can be seen in how the natural sunlight bounces off all the surfaces and gives the space its only truly neutral color scheme.
Take a moment to really study each surface as you read about them. What materials have they and what style does it add to the room? A beautiful example of such design is the hotel where I lived while traveling for my job, the Trump International Hotel & Tower Chicago.
Not only do they use rich textures and colors like the ones mentioned before, but they also play with reflections and shadows to emphasize depth and conceal built-in appliances and other features.
The designers behind the Great Wall of China were not professional architects, but instead consisted mostly of government bureaucrats who were assigned different sections to design depending on their department.
The most well-known architect of the wall is Zhang Jinghui, who was commissioned in charge of construction for eight years before being promoted to general. He would go onto become one of China’s most famous citizens later on.
But his expertise didn't lie in designing buildings, it was actually military architecture! That means he spent time thinking about how to defend against invading armies, not make pretty gardens.
He also had no formal education beyond high school, making him something of an outsider in the architectural world. But that didn’t stop him from becoming one of the highest paid people in China at the time, or inspire much respect today.
His greatest legacy may be as a symbol of the struggle for power within the Communist Party. He was eventually replaced by a more aesthetically pleasing vision which has come to define the wall as we know it today.
The most famous structure built during the Industrial Revolution is not necessarily our favorite example of classic, elegant design. While some may consider the spire-like top to be aesthetically pleasing, this was actually the result of an engineering feat!
The architect in charge of constructing the tower was Alfred de Glehn. He wanted to include a spire as part of the project, but he did not have access to enough steel supplies to do so.
He came up with a solution – why don’t we just build a ladder and attach it to the main body at the desired height?! This way we can use normal steel for the rest of the structure, which is much more accessible.
His plan worked, and so the Eiffel Tower has its spire today.